Dating europa classifica
These in turn boosted the development of trade with the Greek colonies of southern Italy (mainly Ischia and Cumae).
Traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth.
Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.
The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.Between the end of the bronze age and the beginning of the Iron age, each hill between the sea and the Capitol was topped by a village (on the Capitol Hill, a village is attested since the end of the 14th century BC).This aggregation was facilitated by the increase of agricultural productivity above the subsistence level, which also allowed the establishment of secondary and tertiary activities. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits.It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4.3 million residents.